“Learn how to see.
Realize that everything connects to everything else.”

– Leonardo da Vinci


In this Chapter I will give a brief historical account of the Sacred Geometric shapes found on artefacts throughout history.
The designation Genesis pattern (also called the Germ of Life), Seed of Life and Flower of Life were first used by Drunvalo Melchizedek in 1985.

The Germ of Life, Seed of Life and Flower of Life are indicated in museums and historical writings with the name ‘six-petal rosette’, ‘six-fold flower’, ‘hexafoil’ or geometric flower(s) motif.

Marko Manninen has carried out in-depth research on this topic. Herewith 2 links  

Germ of Life

Version 1:
created from 6+1 circles
(=Genesis pattern)

Version 2:
created from 12+1 circles


16th c. BC.
Mycenaean funerary gold foil attachments.
Is there a link here to Charon’s obol? The Ancient Greeks placed an obol in the mouth or under the tongue of a deceased person. This as payment to the ferryman Charon for the crossing of the Styx to the realm of the dead.
Istanbul Archaeological Museum
(Photo © Marko Manninen)

14 – 11th c. BC.
The bottom of a cup, Marlik culture, Northern Iran.
Louvre Museum
(Photo © Pierre et Maurice Chuzeville)

9 – 6th c. BC.
Stone pyxis, from Tell Judaidah, Turkey
Original use is unknown. Pyxis is today a round box with a lid that is used in Catholic liturgy to store consecrated hosts.
(Photo © University of Chicago, U.S.)

7 – 5th c. BC.
Silver bowl, Oegstgeest, Holland
Image Germ of Life combined with animal figures, one of which has a human leg in its mouth.
National Museum of Antiquities, Leiden, Holland
(Photo © Stefaan Algoet)

8 – 5th c. BC.
Stone tomb stele
From the Daunian Civilization, Apulia, Italy
National Archaeological Museum of Manfredonia, Apulia, Italy
(Photos © unknown)

6th c. BC.
from Samos, Greece
Rare depiction of the Germ of Life in Greek art.
J. Paul Getty Museum, California, USA
(Photo © J. Paul Getty Museum)

3th – 1st c. BC.
Fragment silver kettle, Gundestrup in Denmark.
Left Image goddess with an elephant and griffin on both sides and the Germ of Life.
Right Image of Cernunos holding a torque and snake, surrounded by various animal
National Museum of Denmark
(Photo © World History Archive)

(Photo © David Gurevich)

50 BC. – 70 AD.
The Magdala Stone.
Migdal, Israel
For more explanation see chapter Ophanim.
(Photo © David Gurevich)

(Photo © unknown)

(Photo © unknown)

50 BC.
Funeral stele from Carthage
Image of Moon Goddess Tanit.
Tanit is a North African goddess. She appears in both Phoenician and Berber mythology.

Bardo Museum, Tunisia
(Photo © unknown)

30 BC. to 70 AD.
Ossuaries during the Herodian period, (second temple period) from Jerusalem, Israel.
(Photo © unknown)

30 BC. to 70 AD.
Ossuaries from Jerusalem, Israel.
(Photo © Zev Radovan)

1st c. AD.
Tombstone Porcius Felix, Navarre, Spain.
Museum of Navarre, Spain
(Photo © unknown)

1st c. AD.
Bone spindles and whorls, from Gaul, France.
For more explanation see chapter Spinwheel
Museum Art & History, Brussels, Belgium
(Photo © Stefaan Algoet)

1st c. AD.
Military tombstone of Gaius Saufeius with inscription ‘To Gaius Saufeius, son of Gaius, of the Fabian voting-tribe, from Heraclea, soldier of the Ninth Legion, aged 40, of 22 years’ service; he lies here.’ Lincolnshire, England.
(Photo © British Museum)

1st c. AD.
Selection of stone carvings from the Castro de Santa Tegra, Galicia, Spain.
(Photo © unknown)

2nd c. BC./AD. 
Marble tombstone
(Photo © unknown)

2nd c. AD.
Bar Kochba Lead Weight
A lead weight of 803.6 grams, which was used to ensure fair trade in markets.
It was published by the government of Simon Bar Kochba (son of the star, Ben Kosba, Prince of Israel).

Museum of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

3rd c. AD.
Sandstone altar
From the Roman fort Longovicium
With inscription:
To the goddess Garmangabis and to the divinity of our emperor Gordian for the good of the detachment of Suebians from Longovicium, called Gordiana, the soldiers have justly fulfilled their vow.

All Saints’ Church, Lanchester, England
(Photo © unknown)

5th c. BC. – 3rd c. AD.
Monolithic tombstones (Roman influence), Cantabria, Spain.
In addition to atropological motifs, it also contains images of swastikas, triskeles, crosses, spirals and helixes.
Museum of Prehistory and Archeology of Cantabria, Spain
(Photos left and above © unknown)

5 – 8th c. AD.
Medallion (Spindle whorl?)
made from antlers.
Merovingian period.
From Nantes, France
Dobrée Museum, Nantes, France
(Photo © Dobrée Museum)

5 – 8th c. AD.
Decorated foot panel of a Merovingian sarcophagus.
Saint-Paul church, Gonesse, France
(Photo © Denis Gliksman, Inrap)

7 – 8th c. AD.
Limestone baptismal font, Lombardy, Italy
Museum of Art, Cleveland, USA
(Photo © unknown)

6th c. AD.
Merovingian decoration in relief. South facade of the Baptistery Saint-Jean, Poitiers, France.
(Photos © unknown)

6th c. AD.
Bronze mirror, Aleppo, Syria.
Visionary image of a seraphim, assisted by two fiery ‘wheels’, being angels known as ophanim. Pictured here by the Germ of Life.
(Photo © Angels: Messengers of the Gods by Peter Lambon Wilson)

8 – 9th c. BC.
Casting mould, Umayyads of al-Andalus, Andalusia, Spain.
State Archaeological Museum, Madrid, Spain
(photo © Margarita Sánchez Llorente)

8th c. AD.
The Germ of Life as a miniature from the ‘Sacramentarium Gelasianum’.
It is the second-oldest Western Christian liturgical book and the most important surviving Merovingian illuminated manuscript. It shows a synthesis of late antique traditions with ‘barbarian’ art motifs.
Vatican Apostolic Library, Rome, Italy
(Photo © National Library, France)

8th c. AD.
Miniature from the ‘Sacramentarium Gelasianum’.
A cross (with a central Germ of Life) under an arch, with the emblems of the four evangelists, from whose arms hang an Alpha and an Omega
Liber sacramentorum Romanae ecclesiae is, according to late manuscripts, a liturgical book (Roman sacramentarium) containing the orations and prefaces necessary for the celebration of the Mass.

Vatican Apostolic Library, Rome, Italy
(Photo © Public Domain)

983 AD.
Tombstone of Theodorus , from Esna, Egypt.
Headstone with a cross in the middle.
Why is there a Germ of Life on top and bottom?! 
Louvre-Lens Museum, France
(Photo © Stefaan Algoet)

12th c. AD.
lintel above north entrance,
St Andrew’s Church, Bredwardine, England.
Germ of Life together with image of 2 Egyptian gods, Bes and Taweret.
Bes was often depicted at the entrance of Egyptian houses and birthplaces as a protection against evil. The north entrance of the church was considered the ‘devil’s door’, where evil spirits could escape when a child was baptized.

(Photo © unknown)

12th c. AD.
Marble floor, from the San Crisogono church, Rome, Italy.
Detail of a cosmatesque (style of geometric decoration) inlay work.
Germ of Life made from a combination of purple porphyry and green malachite.

(Photo © Lawrence OP)

12th c. AD.
Fragment tombstone embedded in the gate of the Romanesque church Sant Lliser d’Alòs, Lleida, Spain
Image of woman and man, with a Christogram at the top right.
(Photo © Ramon Oromi Farré)

13th c. AD.
Östergotland, Östra Ryd, Sweden
Photo © Lennart Karlsson – Medeltidens historiska

13th c. AD.
Page of Hebrew verses in micrograph from the ‘Sana’a Pentateuch’, Yemen.
This manuscript contains decorated rectangular carpet pages inspired by the Islamic and Sephardi artistic tradition.
(Photo © British Library)

13th c. AD.
Page of Hebrew verses in micrograph from a Pentateuch, Yemen.
Oppenheim collection
(Photo © Bodleian Libraries)

13th ? c. AD.
Tombstone, Armenia
Image Germ of Life together with the Armenian cross (top) and a hand.
(Photo © Unknown)

13th c. AD.
Relief design on a wall of the Proshian Church of the Geghard Monastery in Armenia.
The walls of the church are decorated with different geometric patterns.
(Photo © Rick Ney)

13th c. AD.
Templar tombstone in St. Magnus Cathedral depicting a Germ of Life and a sword. Kirkwall, England.
(Photo © unknown)

13th c. AD.
Mosaic in dome, San Marco Basilica
Venice, Italy.
(Photo © unknown)

13th c. AD.
Decorations in the Euphrasian Basilica, Porec, Croatia.
(Photo © Stefaan Algoet)

13th c. AD.
Hebrew text of the Old Testament, from Al-Andalus, Spain.
An artifact of Sephardic book culture.
(Photo © Fondation Martin Bodmer)

13th c. AD.
Baptismal font in the church of Egleton, England.
(Photo © unknown)

13th c. AD.
A tympanum in the church of Egleton, England.
(Photo © unknown)

14th c. AD.
Miniature from ‘Eberhardi Bethuniensis Graecismus cum commentario’.
A Latin mnemonic for teaching Latin grammar by the Flemish grammarian Ebenhard from Betun.
(Photo © Bavarian State Library)

15th c. AD.
Image Sheela-na-Gig, above entrance to Ballinderry Castle, Galway, England
Here exceptionally pictured together with a Germ of Life and Triskel
(Photo © unknown)

12-14th c. AD.
Image Sheela-na-Gig, with vulva in vesica piscis shape, above entrance church in Kilpeck, England
(Photo © unknown)

13-16th c. AD.
Selection of hexafoil carvings in Churches, Norfolk and Suffolk, England
(Photo © Matthew Champion, Norfolk and Suffolk Medieval Graffiti Surveys)

1492 AD.
Woodcut of Crodo, from the Cronicon Picturatum (Saxon Chronicles) by Conrad Bote, Germany.
For more information, see chapter Thunder wheel.
(Photo © Bavarian State Library)

1593 AD.
Romanesque Church of John the Baptist. Vižinada, Croatia.
(Photos © Stefaan Algoet)

16-17th c. AD.
Sundial, Yeni Camii Mosque, Istanbul.
(photo © Massimo Forni)

17th c. AD.
Solar Compass, France.
Museum Art & History, Brussels, Belgium
(Photo © Stefaan Algoet)

17th c. AD.
Church of the Holy Spirit, Pedrovo, Slovenia.
(Photo © unknown)

1681 AD.
Image Germ of Life with Christogram, in wooden ceiling beam. Log cabin, Sanek, Poland.
Rural Architecture Museum of Sanok, Poland
(Photo © unknown)

17th c. AD.
Wooden column with the Germ of Life.
Swat Region (North West Pakistan)
Wooden architectural elements (in Gandhara, Greek and Moghol style) of a village mosque.
Museum art and history, Brussels, Belgium
(Photo © Stefaan Algoet)

1731 AD.
Children’s gravestone inscribed ‘Here Lyeth [?] Body of Sipi Indian Who[?] Died Feb [?] 1731 Aged 6 Years.’
Wesleyan University Archeology and Anthropology Collections, Connecticut, America
(Photo © Coins, tombstones, and historic artifacts: independent research topics in the collections)

1746 AD.
Children’s gravestone ‘Memorials for children of change’, Norwich-town Connecticut, America.
(Photo © Hannah Huntington)

1775 AD.
Children’s tombstone, Massachusetts, America.
(Photo © Thomas Lambert Rowley)

18th c. AD.
Fragment (Saint Isidoor) of the dome of the Coptic Monastery St. Paul (the Hermit), Egypt.
(Photo © ARCE)

18th c. AD.
Entrance to the Temple of the Twenty-four Elders. (Coptic Monastery St. Paul, the Hermit), Egypt.
(Photo © ARCE)

1715 AD.
Coptic/Arabic Psalm Hymnal. Yuhanna al-Anba Buba & St. Paul Monastery, Egypt.
(Photo © William Lyster)

18th c. AD.
Detail of a portal in the wooden church of Gârbău Dejului, Romania.
(Photo © unknown)

19th c. AD
Wooden ceiling beam, Orawa Ethnographic Park, Zubrzyca Górna, Poland.
(Photo © unknown)

19th c. A.D.
‘The fiery chariot of the Word’
Russian iconography of the Theotokos (Greek name of Mother Mary) depicted as Ognyena Maria (literally ‘Fiery Mary’) a fire goddess who is the sister and/or assistant of the thunder god Perun in Slavic mythology.
(Photo © unknown)

19th c. A.D.
Spindle whorl
(Photo © National museum of the American Indian)

Dating unknown
Spindle whorl from palmwood
Lille, France
(Photo © unknown)

Dating and origin unknown
Spindle and whorl
(Photo © unknown)

21st c. AD.
The International Flag of Planet Earth.
(© Oskar Pernefeldt)

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